The Temple of Khnum at Esna
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The Temple of Khnum, dedicated to the ram-headed god of the annual flood, is in the center of the modern town of Esna. Due to the accumulation of silt in the area, it is now about 9 meters below street level. The hypostyle hall has well-preserved reliefs that date from the 1st to the 3rd century AD. A series of texts here describe the festivals at Esna and include two hymns to Khnum.

Near Esna, there is also the Ma’ala Necropolis, which holds two rock-cut tombs from the early 1st Intermediate Period.

Daily, 9 AM – 5 PM

Temple of Khnum: Egyptian: 2 LE
Foreign: 15 LE

Ma’ala Tombs: Egyptian: 1 LE
Foreign: 10 LE

50% reduction for bearers of International Student ID Card

Esna is on the west bank of the Nile, about 54 km south of Luxor and 155 km north of Aswan. The Necropolis is 35 km south of Luxor.

BY BOAT: Esna is accessible by boat and is noted for the two locks along the Nile. From the docks, a second form of transportation is needed.

BY TRAIN: The train station is on the opposite side of the Nile, making it more difficult to access the site.

BY BUS: Buses run from both Aswan and Luxor to Esna and will drop off about 1 km from the temple.

BY CARRIAGE: Horse-drawn carriages are available for transportation to and from the Temple of Khnum and charge about 5 LE each way.

BY TAXI: You will have to travel by private taxi in a convoy from Luxor to Esna. Within Esna, ask for the Temple of Khnum, ask for maabd Esna. To get to the Necropolis, ask for maqqabar al-ma’ala.

The town of Esna has a bank, which is open daily except Friday from 8:30 AM until 2 PM and a post office, which is open 7 AM to 2 PM.

the Temple of Khnum at Esna (Martina Minas-Nerpel)


The interior of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Khnum (Martina Minas-Nerpel)