Temple of Khnum, dedicated to the ram-headed
god of the annual flood, is in the center
of the modern town of Esna. Due to
of silt in the area, it is now about 9
meters below street level. The hypostyle
has well-preserved reliefs that
date from the 1st to the 3rd century AD.
A series of texts here
describe the festivals at Esna and
include two hymns to Khnum.
Esna, there is also the Ma’ala
Necropolis, which holds two rock-cut tombs
from the early 1st Intermediate Period.
Daily, 9 AM - 5
Temple of Khnum: Egyptian: 2 LE
Foreign: 15 LE
Tombs: Egyptian: 1 LE
Foreign: 10 LE
reduction for bearers of International
Student ID Card
Esna is on the west bank of the Nile, about
54 km south of Luxor and 155 km north
of Aswan. The Necropolis is 35 km south
BY BOAT: Esna is accessible by boat and is
noted for the two locks along the Nile.
From the docks, a second form of transportation
TRAIN: The train station is on the opposite
side of the Nile, making
it more difficult
to access the site.
BUS: Buses run from both Aswan and Luxor
to Esna and will drop
off about 1 km from
CARRIAGE: Horse-drawn carriages are available
for transportation to and
from the Temple
of Khnum and charge about 5 LE each way.
TAXI: You will have to travel by private
taxi in a convoy from Luxor to Esna. Within
Esna, ask for the Temple of Khnum, ask for
maabd Esna. To get to the Necropolis, ask
for maqqabar al-ma’ala.
town of Esna has a bank, which is open
daily except Friday from 8:30
AM until 2 PM and a post office, which
is open 7 AM to 2 PM.