Ramesseum is the memorial temple of the
great warrior king Ramesses II. One of
the largest and best-preserved of these
temples, this "Mansion of Millions of Years"
contains the fallen colossus that inspired
Percy Bysshe Shelleys poem, Ozymandias.
Scenes from the king's great Battle of
Qadesh (in which only Ramesses II's personal
valor saved the Egyptians from ignominious
defeat at the hands of the Hittites) adorn
the first and second pylons. The king's successful
campaign against the Syrian fortress of
Dapur is illustrated in the hypostyle hall,
along with images of the king receiving
his regalia from the god Amun-Re.
plan of the temple is typical for the New
Kingdom. Behind the pylons are courts,
and then a pillared hall filled with columns
in the form of marsh plants, an finally
a bark shrine for the sacred boat of the
god and the inner sanctuary. The floor
rises and the ceiling drops as one enters
the temple further, to evoke the moment
in which the Egyptian universe was created
from the primeval
mound that rose from the endless waters
of the flood.
complex also includes a palace for the
king and extensive storerooms and granaries
built of mud brick. A large quantity of
ostraca found at the site has led scholars
to suggest that a scribal school or library
was located here, as mentioned by the Greek
historian Diodorus Siculus.
Summer: 6 AM - 6 PM
Winter: 6 AM - 5 PM
Egyptian: 2 LE
Foreign: 25 LE
50% reduction for bearers of International Student ID Card
On the West Bank, opposite Luxor.
BY FERRY: From Luxor, there is a local ferry
that runs from the Corniche, which is labeled “National
Ferryboat.” You will have to catch
a taxi once you reach the west bank.
BUS: You should be able to rent a minibus
from Luxor, many are run through hotels
or tour groups.
TAXI: Taxis from Luxor will be more expensive,
but you can ask
to go to el
there, or take the ferry across to the
west bank and catch a taxi from the dock.
is a rest house near the temple.